Every 1 out 6 couples are usually affected by Infertility issues. Sometimes, the cause could be from the female partner. When that is the case, it is referred to as female infertility. Read up more about it here. When it is caused by the inadequacies of the male partner, it is referred to as Male Infertility. According to statistics, Male Infertility occurs in approximately 30 percent of all infertility cases.
Based on percentage and rankings, these are the four main causes of Infertility in males:
- A pituitary or hypothalamic disorder (1-2%)
- Disorder of the Gonad (30-40%)
- Sperm transport disorder (10-20%)
- Unknown causes (40-50%)
If We note, a lot of the reasons are still attributed to unknown causes or unknown diagnosis. But male infertility occurs because of sperm that are abnormal. Or sperm that do not function as they should maybe due to their inadequacy in numbers or problems with ejaculation. Sperm should be considered abnormal if they have the either problem: short life span or low mobility.
Abnormalities of the sperm are caused by some or one of the following reasons:
- Inflamed testicles.
- Swollen veins in the scrotum
- Abnormally developed testicles.
Ejaculation problems include the following:
- Premature ejaculation
- Retrograde ejaculation: This occurs when semen is forced back into the bladder.
- Erection dysfunctions
- Complications from surgery or therapy.
Other random causes of Male infertility include:
- History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
- UTI: Urinary Tract Infections
- Use of certain wrong types of medications.
Diagnosis of Male Infertility
Through the help of lab tests and examinations, it could be determined what is behind a case of male infertility. The test would include checking out the following: Semen analysis to check out the number and quality of the sperm being produced, Blood test to check for infections or hormone problems then lastly, a physical examination of the penis, scrotum and prostate.
Doctors would look out for the following in the tests
- Total amount of semen: A volume of 2 milliliters is considered normal during intercourse and ejaculation. A lower amount may be an indication of blocked ducts, a prostate gland issue or an issue with the seminal vesicles.
- Sperm Count: A sperm count of 20 million to 300 million per milliliter is considered the normal range for sperm counts. Anything below 10 million is considered as “low sperm count”.
- Morphology: This refers to the shape and size of the sperm being produced. This is put into consideration because they affect the ability of the sperms to reach and fertilize an egg. If 30% of sperm produced is shaped “normal”, then that is a good pass mark.
- Motility: This has to do with their speed, movement and number of active cells. In calculating movement of sperm, the range is from 0-4. A score above 3 is considered good. Active cells are rated in percentages. Above 50% is considered good.
Treatment of Male Infertility
Sperm Production can be treated by taking clinically proven supplements. Anything that can increase the number of healthy sperm increases your chances of conception. Shop here for male fertility supplements.Leave a reply